Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to upcycle old wooden pallets into furniture:

Materials needed:

1. Old wooden pallet(s)
2. Hammer or crowbar
3. Pry bar
4. Sandpaper or a sander
5. Wood glue or nails
6. Saw
7. Paint or varnish (optional)
8. Paintbrush or roller (optional)
9. Screwdriver or drill (optional)

prepare the pallet
prepare the pallet

Step 1: Source and prepare the pallet
• Find old wooden pallets that are in good condition and suitable for your furniture project.
• Remove any nails or staples from the pallet using a hammer, crowbar, or pry bar.
• Clean the pallet to remove dirt, dust, and any loose splinters.

Step 2: Plan your design
• Decide what type of furniture you want to build (e.g., table, chair, shelf) and determine the dimensions and style.
• Sketch out your design or find inspiration online for reference.

Step 3: Disassemble the pallet (if necessary)
• If you need to break down the pallet to obtain individual boards, use a saw to cut through the nails holding the pallet together.
• Carefully remove the boards, ensuring not to split or damage them.

Sand the boards

Step 4: Sand the boards
• Smooth the rough surfaces of the pallet boards using sandpaper or a sander.
• Pay extra attention to the edges and corners to prevent any potential splinters.

Step 5: Measure and cut
• Measure the dimensions of the furniture piece you want to create.
• Use a saw to cut the pallet boards according to your measurements.
• Take care to make accurate cuts and ensure the pieces fit together properly.

Measure and cut
Measure and cut

Here’s an example of how to measure and cut pallet boards to build a reading table:

1. Measure the desired height of the table: Start by determining how tall you want the table to be. Measure from the floor to the desired tabletop height. Let’s say you want a table height of 30 inches.
2. Cut the legs: Subtract the thickness of the tabletop material from the desired height to determine the length of the table legs. For example, if the tabletop material is 1 inch thick, subtract 1 inch from 30 inches to get 29 inches. Cut four pallet boards to a length of 29 inches each for the table legs.
3. Measure the tabletop dimensions: Determine the desired dimensions for the tabletop. Let’s say you want a tabletop that measures 36 inches in length and 24 inches in width.
4. Cut the tabletop boards: Cut three pallet boards to a length of 36 inches each for the tabletop. These boards will form the width of the tabletop. Then, cut two more pallet boards to a length of 24 inches each for the tabletop. These boards will form the depth of the tabletop.
5. Cut additional support boards (optional): If you want additional support for the tabletop, you can cut smaller pallet boards to act as support beams. Cut two boards to a length of 24 inches each and two boards to a length of 34 inches each (subtracting the thickness of the two 24-inch support boards from the total tabletop length of 36 inches).

Step 6: Assemble the furniture
• Lay out the cut boards according to your design.
• Apply wood glue to the joining edges of the boards or use nails to secure them together.
• Use clamps to hold the pieces in place while the glue dries or while you hammer in the nails.
• Follow your design plan and assemble the various components of the furniture, such as legs, seat, or tabletop.

Step 7: Finishing touches (optional)
• If desired, you can paint or varnish the furniture to enhance its appearance and protect the wood.
• Apply the paint or varnish using a paintbrush or roller, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Allow the paint or varnish to dry completely before using the furniture.

Step 8: Optional additions
• If you want to add extra features, such as cushions for chairs or additional shelves, you can do so by attaching them securely to the furniture using appropriate methods like screws or brackets.

Remember, safety is essential during the entire process. Wear protective gear such as goggles and gloves, and use tools responsibly. Additionally, adapt the steps according to your specific design and requirements. Enjoy creating your upcycled furniture from old wooden pallets!